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Economic Implications of Alternative Scholarly Publishing Models (EI-ASPM)

A project funded by the UK Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and conducted by The Centre for Strategic Economic Studies at Victoria University and The Departments of Information Science, Economics and LISU at Loughborough University. The Victoria University team included John Houghton, Bruce Rasmussen and Peter Sheehan of The Centre for Strategic Economic Studies in Melbourne, together with Colin Steele, Emeritus Fellow at The Australian National University in Canberra; and the Loughborough University team included Charles Oppenheim and Anne Morris of the Department of Information Science, Claire Creaser, Helen Greenwood and Mark Summers of LISU, and Adrian Gourlay of the Department of Economics. The team has benefited from the very generous contributions of Bo-Christer Björk of the Hanken School of Economics in Helsinki, and Donald King of the University of North Carolina.


JISC Report and models available for download

  • Release from JISC (EI-ASPM Report).
     
  • The final report (Executive Summary and Full Report)
    Houghton, J.W., Rasmussen, B., Sheehan, P.J., Oppenheim, C., Morris, A., Creaser, C., Greenwood, H., Summers, M. and Gourlay, A. (2009) Economic Implications of Alternative Scholarly Publishing Models: Exploring the Costs and Benefits, Report to The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) by Victoria University & Loughborough University.
     
  • The Scholarly Communication Process Model (Scholarly Communication Process Model)
    The scholarly communication process model underlying the identification of the the activities and costs involved throughout the Scholarly Communication Life-Cycle.
    • The Online model (Online Model)
      An online model which makes a small subset of the EI-ASPM Project cost-benefit modelling available to those interested in further exploring results and wanting to explore national, sectoral or institutional costs and benefits. It runs as an executable application within MS Excel, by simply clicking on the file after downloading. Each of the model elements is presented as a single screen worksheet. Copies of the model can be saved locally to record results and each of the worksheet models can be printed as a single page. Simply enter your preferred values into the Variables column of the Parameters Table and the results will be recalculated automatically. You can TAB between the active cells.
    • Addendum (Addendum)
      We are releasing this addendum in response to comments received since the publication of the JISC EI-ASPM Report. Its purpose is to further clarify the results of the modelling undertaken, particularly in respect to the impacts for the UK nationally and for UK higher education of: (i) unilateral national versus worldwide adoption of alternative open access models, and (ii) 'Green OA' self-archiving in parallel with subscription publishing versus the 'deconstructed or overlay journals model' of self-archiving with overlay production and review services.

    Reaction to the JISC report

    • Professor Ian Diamond, RCUK:
      “RCUK welcomes this substantial and interesting report. It will be of great use to the Research Councils as we develop our future policies in relation to publishing and in particular Open Access.”
    • Professor Sir Tim O’Shea:
      “The argument for moving from more traditional subscription or toll-based publishing to a model that allows for greater accessibility and makes full use of the advances in technology cannot be ignored. This report shows there are significant savings to be made and benefits to be had. JISC will work with publishers, authors and the science community to identify and help to remove the barriers to moving to these more cost-effective models.”
    • Sir Mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust:
      “As a research funder that provides additional funds to its grant holders to meet the cost of Open Access publishing, I am delighted that this report vindicates this approach and shows that the benefits of enhanced accessibility outweigh the costs of supplementing research funds with ‘author-pays’ Open Access publishing fees.”

      Source: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/news/stories/2009/01/houghton.aspx

    Commentary on the JISC report

    Other National Studies

    The Netherlands:
    A project funded by the Netherland's SURFfoundation and conducted by The Centre for Strategic Economic Studies at Victoria University and EIM Business & Policy Research in the Netherlands. The team included John Houghton of The Centre for Strategic Economic Studies in Melbourne, together with Jos de Jonge and Marcia van Oploo of EIM.

    • An online model for The Netherlands
      http://www.cfses.com/EI-ASPM/NL EI-ASPM Model.exe
      An online model which makes a small subset of the cost-benefit modelling available to those interested in further exploring results and wanting to explore national, sectoral or institutional costs and benefits. It runs as an executable application within MS Excel, by simply clicking on the file after downloading. Each of the model elements is presented as a single screen worksheet. Copies of the model can be saved locally to record results and each of the worksheet models can be printed as a single page. Simply enter your preferred values into the Variables column of the Parameters Table and the results will be recalculated automatically. You can TAB between the active cells.
    Denmark:
    A project funded by DEFF and conducted by The Centre for Strategic Economic Studies at Victoria University by John Houghton, which examines the implications of alternative scholarly publishing models in Denmark.

    A three country comparison:
    A project funded by the European Knowledge Exchange and conducted by The Centre for Strategic Economic Studies at Victoria University by John Houghton, which aims to examine the cost-benefit implications of alternative shcolarly publishing models in one of the larger, a mid-sized and a smaller European country.

    The United States Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA):
    A project funded by the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) to outline one possible approach to estimating the potential return on investment implications of the proposed US Federal Research Public Access ACT (FRPAA), conducted by The Centre for Strategic Economic Studies at Victoria University by John Houghton, Bruce Rasmussen and Peter Sheehan.
     

    Access to Research and Technical Information in Denmark:
    A project funded by The Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation (FI) and Denmark’s Electronic Research Library (DEFF) exploring levels of and barriers to access to research for small high-technology firms in Denmark and estimating the costs and impacts of access. By John Houghton, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University and Alma Swan and Sheridan Brown, Key Perspectives Limited

    Innovation: Analyse og evaluering 20/2011:
    http://www.fi.dk/publikationer/2011/adgang-til-forskningsresultater-og-teknisk-information-i-danmark

    Institutional cost models:
    Institutional versions of the EI-ASPM models have been created to enable people at universities and research institutions to explore the impacts of alternative scholarly publishing models for their own institutions. They should be treated as no more than an approximate guide.



    Latest Videos (presentations and interviews):

     

    Contact

    John Houghton
    Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University
    E-mail: john.houghton@pobox.com
    Web: www.cfses.com

    Compiled by John Houghton (May 2011) 


     

     

     

     

       


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